Tuticorin, also known as Thoothukudi is a port city and a Municipal Corporation and an Industrial city in Thoothukudi district of theIndian state of Tamil Nadu. The City lies in the Coromandel Coast off Bay of Bengal.Thoothukudi is the headquarters of Thoothukudi District,Tuticorin has the second highest Human Development Index in Tamil Nadu next to Chennai. Tuticorin City serves as the headquarters of Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited. Major Educational establishments in the city includes Thoothukudi Government Medical College, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Marine Training Academy, V.O.C. Arts & Science College, Government Polytechnic College and Anna University Tuticorin Campus Tuticorin Port is one of the Fastest growing Major Ports in India in terms of Total Volume of Twenty-foot equivalent unit handled.
Thoothukudi is known as "Pearl City" due to the pearl fishing carried out in the town. It is a commercial seaport which serves the inland cities of Southern India and is one of the sea gateways of Tamil Nadu. It is also one of the major seaports in India with a history dating back to the 6th century AD. The city is believed to be of significant antiquity and has been ruled, at different times, by the Early Pandyas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Later Pandyas, Ma'bar Sultanate, Tirunelveli Sultanate, Vijayanagar Empire,Madurai Nayaks, Chanda Sahib, Carnatic kingdom, Portuguese, Dutch and the British. Thoothukudi was settled by the Portuguese, Dutch and later by the British East India Company. The city is administered by a Thoothukudi Municipal Corporation covering an area of 90.663 km (35.005 sq mi) and had a population of 237,830 in 2011.The Urban agglomeration had a population of 410,760 as of 2011.